Cancer survivors and dating
Most treatment side effects appear during or just after treatment and go away a short time later.
But some problems might not go away or might not show up until months or years after treatment. Because more children with cancer now survive into adulthood, their long-term health and these late effects have become a focus of care and research.
But chemo drugs can damage normal cells, too, which can cause short-term and long-term side effects.
Chemotherapy damage to quickly dividing cells can cause side effects such as low blood cell counts, nausea, diarrhea, or hair loss during treatment.
Below are some of the more common possible late effects of cancer treatment.
This is by no means a complete list, as other late effects can occur as well.
Today, because of advances in treatment, more than 80% of children treated for cancer survive at least 5 years..
But the treatments that help these children survive their cancer can also cause health problems later on.
For example, children with the hereditary form of retinoblastoma (an eye cancer) are more sensitive to the effects of radiation.Children with brain tumors or with acute lymphocytic (lymphoblastic) leukemia (ALL) are most likely to have late effects in the brain, but children with other cancers may be affected as well.Treatments that can affect the brain include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.Just as the treatment of childhood cancer requires a very specialized approach, so does aftercare and watching for late effects.Late effects can involve more than one part of the body (or more than one organ system) and can range from mild to severe.
Some types of chemo drugs can damage these cells and keep them from growing and developing the way they should.